Posted by: miktechnology | July 21, 2012

Energizing Egypt for Prosperity


Energizing Egypt for Prosperity

MIK Technology, Houston, Texas USA

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Maher.Kelada@miktechnology.com

Abstract:
Egypt relies on burning of fossil fuels to satisfy about 85 percent of its electricity requirements. Electricity consumption is growing at a rate of 8 percent a year. The country’s oil and gas reserves expected to dry up within 30-50 years. By 2030, Egypt oil reserves will be only 1.5 million barrels and would be importing 400,000 barrels per day to run its refineries at capacity. Egypt natural gas reserve is 76 trillion cubic feet. Natural gas exports amounts to 630 billion cubic feet per year and expected to reach 800 billion cubic feet in 2030. In addition, the country is experiencing fast acceleration in local consumption of natural gas and will face the same dilemma, as in the case with its oil depletion, in just few decades.

MIK Technology proposes a scheme to make up for the depletion of the fossil fuel reserves, while supporting the population growth and its aspiration for a better life in years to come. MIK technology also believes that natural gas export represents a burden on the economical development of Egypt. Regardless of political rhetoric or regional contentiousness, the theoretical heating value of natural gas annual exports is 194 TWH that amounts to a 22 Gigawatts of electrical power. This is comparable to the name plate capacity of all Egypt’s power generating facilities (23.4 Gigawatts).

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Posted by: miktechnology | July 21, 2012

Mauritania Osmotic Potentials | The Viguple Power Option


Mauritania Osmotic Potentials
The Viguple Power Option

MIK Technology, Houston, Texas USA

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Maher.Kelada@miktechnology.com

Abstract:
Depression of Egypt, Chott Melrhir of Algeria, Chott El Jerid and Chott al Gharsah of Tunisia and the Libyan chain of Al Sabkhet al Kabirah, Bir al Akhriyah and Sabkhet Ghuzayyil. On the Atlantic Ocean side, there are Sabkhet Paki Tah of Morocco and Sabkhet Te-n-Dghamcha of Mauritania. As an example of lagoons, are the Bardawil Lake of Egypt and Dakhla Bay of Western Sahara.

MIK Technology is proposing plans for using its Hypersalinity Osmotic Power Generation Technology, technically known as “ISO” to generate electrical power in Gigawatts range on a global scale. In North Africa, MIK Technology has proposed plans for Egypt’s Qattara Depression and Tunisia’s Chotts, as well as Egypt’s Bardawil Lake of Sinai. For reference, readers may view posted articles on MIK Technology’s website “www.miktechnology.com”. Other developments will be published in due time.

This article proposes a conceptual scheme for exploiting the power potential from the lowland at the western boundary of Mauritania, comprising Mauritania’s Sabkhet Te-n-Dghâmcha. This development will create a new large shallow brine lake, named “Mauritania Power Lake”, for osmotic and wind electric power generation, which will potentially increase Mauritania’s electric power resources by twentyfold (viguple).

Mouritania ISO Power Potential

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Posted by: miktechnology | July 21, 2012

Morocco Osmotic Power Potentials


Morocco Osmotic Power Potentials
The Medallion Island Option

MIK Technology, Houston, Texas USA

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Maher.Kelada@miktechnology.com

Abstract:
The North Africa desert, known as the Sahara, is the largest tropical desert in the world, occupying roughly one-quarter of the African continent. It occupies southern Morocco, Mauritania, Tunisia, most of Algeria, Libya, Egypt, northern Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan. It stretches about 5,700 kilometer (km), from the Nile Valley on the east to the Atlantic Ocean on the west and bounded by the Mediterranean on the north. The estimated area of the Sahara is about 8 million square kilometer (km2).

The terrain is dominated by plains with elevations of less than 500 meter (m) and with mountains, exceeding 3000 m in the central Sahara, such as the Ahaggar and Tibesti. The terrain comprises also few major endorheic depressions, several salts pans (Sabkhets) and miscellaneous seawater lagoons. The largest is the Qattara Depression of Egypt, Chott Melrhir of Algeria, Chott El Jerid and Chott al Gharsah of Tunisia and the Libyan chain of Al Sabkhet al Kabirah, Bir al Akhriyah and Sabkhet Ghuzayyil. On the Atlantic Ocean side, there are Sabkhet Paki Tah of Morocco and Sabkhet Te-n-Dghamcha of Mauritania. As an example of lagoons, are the Bardawil Lake of Egypt and Dakhla Bay of Western Sahara.

MIK Technology is proposing plans for using its Hypersalinity Osmotic Power Generation Technology, technically known as “ISO” to generate electrical power in Gigawatts range on a global scale. In North Africa, MIK Technology has proposed plans for Egypt’s Qattara Depression and Tunisia’s Chotts, as well as Egypt’s Bardawil Lake of Sinai. For reference, readers may view posted articles on MIK Technology’s website “www.miktechnology.com”. Other developments will be published in due time.

This article proposes a conceptual scheme for exploiting the power potential of the southern tip of Morocco, comprising Morocco’s Sabkhet Tah. This development will create a self-sustained new small island, at the southwestern tip of Tan-Tan Province, named “Morocco’s Medallion Island”.

Morocco ISO Power Medallion Island

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©2009-2011 MIK Technology. All Rights Reserved.


10 Proposed Projects for land Reform and Power Generation to Sustain the Life of the People of Egypt

MIK Technology, Houston, Texas USA

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Maher.Kelada@miktechnology.com

Abstract:
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. Current population exceeds 80 million people with most of them live near the banks of the Nile River. Egypt’s area is 1,000,000 km2 of mostly desert with only 5% of arable land. Several international organizations estimate Egypt’s population in 2050 between 113- 128 millions. However, the estimate of local media approaches 200 million!

Existing infrastructure and local municipal resources can’t support its normal growth. This situation is further complicated by continuous populace migration from dilapidated poor rural community to towns hoping for better life. Population growth and the fast rate of urbanization seem to suffocate Egyptian towns and exacerbate the problems with its antiquated utilities and service systems. Means to provide simplest essentials of life to the unregulated random communities are no longer available, causing fractures in the morality and integrity of many citizens that cannot afford their daily bread!

It will be crucial that a serious mitigation plan must be considered by all responsible parties in the Egyptian community to relief the agony of the people of Egypt. A plan that does not consider displacing or relocating people to barren land, but a plan that provide security, basic needs and respectable living to every Egyptian family. It has been said, “Whoever does not command the means to feed himself can neither feel freedom nor dignity – M. H. Mubarak”. Words of wisdom alone do not feed the hungry, without the intent to reform.

MIK Technology vision is to harness the potential of water for the advancement of human welfare. This small emerging company with its genuine technologies and fresh ideas strongly believes that it can help alleviating the suffering of millions. MIK Technology is offering a plan to reclaim new arable land, enrich depleted soil and generating renewable energy. Our plan will help in relieving the consequences of high population density in the Nile Valley and create more stable and prosperous communities.

No doubt that the Egyptian Government is eager to secure decent living to its citizens. In our attempt to complement this effort, we are proposing new obscured sources and means for developing more than 2 million acres of arable land, potentially saving the Nile Delta from sea flooding and avoiding displacement of 10 million of people. The price is high, but we have to attempt the impossible to prevent the demise of the world’s first civilization!

MIK Technology plan comprises the following:

  1. Maximizing the use of Egypt’s land depressions:
      1. Qattara Depression self-sufficiency development.
      2. El Farafra Oasis development.
      3. Toshka Depression development.
      4. El Bardawil Lake development
  2. Expanding arable land along the Nile Valley.
  3. Saving the Nile Delta from flooding.

All of these are a payback of Aswan High Dam Hidden Treasure… “The Alluvium”!

Figure 2: Our Vision for Reclaiming and Saving the Land of Egypt by year 2050
This map highlights the following proposed projects:

1. Qattara Depression
2. El Farafra Oasis
3. Toshka Depression Land Development
4. Nile Valley Expansion I & II
5. Toshka Lakes Modifications
6. Lake Bardawil
7. Alluvium Operation
8. Heavy Service Railroad
9. Eastern Infrastructure Development
10. Saving the Delta

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South Australia Development: Considering The Osmotic Power Generation Option

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Maher.Kelada@miktechnology.com

Abstract:
Salinity power generation is an emerging field in the quest for renewable energy. The science behind this field of technology is based on exploiting the osmotic pressure difference between waters of dissimilar salt concentration to drive a hydroelectric generator. MIK Technology of Houston, Texas USA has developed a patent pending technology for “Hypersaline Osmotic Power Generation”, known as the “ISO Power Potential” that promotes the concept of Large Scale Renewable Energy (LSRE) from natural and manmade hypersaline water domains.

MIK Technology strongly believes that South Australia’s barren endorheic Lake Torrens and Lake Eyre could generate safe and sustainable osmotic power that would increase Australia’s current electrical power supply by twenty percent (20%). This implies doubling the current renewable sources of the country. In addition, the project will provide basin flood relief and allows for the reuse of low salinity flood water for domestic applications and developing new communities in Lake Frome basin.

In this copyrighted material, Seawater will be extended 70 km to the project site from Spencer Gulf at Port Augusta in an open canal. The massive size project requires 4 phases to implement. The first two phases are intended to generate net osmotic power from Lake Torrens at a potential of 4.0 Gigawatts, pending availability of a canal for flushing the salt in the sweater supply back to the sea.

The following wide-ranging third and fourth phases are continuation of the first two phases of the project for integrating both sections of Lake Eyre to enhance net osmotic power generation up to 10.0 Gigawatts and make use of the wasted flood and excess water in the “Channel Country” region.

Introduction:
The proposed project is a very large multifaceted comprehensive development of a large sector of South Australian territory of about 150,000 km2. Although the project is intended to generate power using osmotic potential, it will cause major beneficial changes to the topography of the area and the normal flow pattern of its waterways and endorheic salt lakes.

To emphasize such point, Lake Eyre is the largest dry salt lake in Australia that its only function is to accommodate runoff water generated by infrequent flooding of rivers in Lake Eyre basin. According to our proposed scenario, Lake Eyre will be permanently full of brine for power generation. Runoff water will not be allowed to enter this lake. Therefore, other means to mitigate flooding and gather wasted fresh water have to be envisaged.

Due to the complexity of topography and waterways of South Australia, It will be prudent to introduce our proposal in easy to follow logical topics. Therefore, the following will be addressed:

I. Early attempts to develop South Australia.
II. Australia’s Energy Sources.
III. South Australia Topography and Demography.
IV. South Australia Water Resources.
V. MIK Technology Hypersaline Osmotic Power Option.
VI. MIK Technology Conceptual Vision for Developing South Australia.
VII. Proposed Osmotic Power Systems and Implementation Schemes.
VIII. Conclusion.
IX. References.

I. Early attempts to develop South Australia
In the last fifteen years, few mega size infrastructure projects were considered to develop South Australia and enhance its economy as well as its atmosphere. The most significant attempts to achieve such goal are the following proposals:

The first proposed project was a visionary concept envisaged by John E West in 1998 who published a small book with the title of “The Great Australian Canal: North to South”(1). This project considers splitting the country into two islands by a large open salt water channel starting in Darwin, north of the country and runs southwards to empty into Spencer Gulf in South Australia (FIG. 1).

The proposed 2,300 km transcontinental canal is navigable and provides a commercial shipping and passenger vessel route through the centre of Australia, as well as creating freshwater for irrigation and domestic use by large desalination plants. For comparison, this transcontinental canal would be 14 times the length of the Suez Canal (163 km). John West considered a secondary alternative by running a canal of 1,600 km from east of Gulf of Carpentaria through Queensland, running along the Norman and Diamantina rivers and ends also at Spencer Gulf. Both proposals rely on regular tidal regimes to flush and replenish the canals with water from the ocean. West suggested also the installation of twelve desalination plants along the canal route to convert the saltwater to fresh water for irrigation.

However, critics claimed that arid and semi-arid lands cover 70% of Australia, yet are inhabited by only 2% of the country population. This relatively low population does not justify the large cost involved in constructing the canal, which amounts to $200 billion.

Environmentalists criticized the project for its potential impact on current arid area vegetation and wildlife. Other agriculturists complained about potential effect on area flora and fauna. Yet, water management folk criticized spending the enormous cost and effort to turning the rivers into concrete lined channels and destroying riparian vegetation due to saltwater intrusion.

But it seems that the major concern has to do with the large amount of energy that would be expended. A large energy source will be required not only in the construction of the canal but also in supporting the ongoing energy consumption to desalinate water and developing new territories. It should be also noted that the mid Australia continent has no power transmission grid, which could seriously affect operability and cost of such proposal. As a result, this project has been abandoned.

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